Renal calculi or kidney stones are solid masses of crystals – salt and minerals that originate in our kidneys. However, they are prone to develop anywhere along our urinary tracts such as kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra.
Kidney stones are considered one of the most painful medical conditions and the size of the stones can vary from small grains (microscopic) to a pebble or even bigger. Around 5% of the world population goes through kidney stone treatment in their lifetime. It is not a serious condition if detected early as there are numerous natural kidney stone removal remedies suggested by the doctors and physicians.
But if it is diagnosed late, the affected has to go through kidney stone operation. Campbell is considered the best kidney stone hospital in India due to its state-of-the-art facility and qualified doctors. The facility is known for providing the best treatment for kidney stones across the nation.
Signs and Symptoms of Kidney Stone
Kidney stones can cause unimaginable pain. The patient may not even know that he/she is affected by kidney stones until it begins to move down the ureters. It causes massive pain and it is termed as renal colic. You may complain about having painful sensations on the abdomen or one side of your back.
In men, the pain may spread to the groin area. Renal colic is something that can happen anytime and anywhere and it can last for few minutes or even hours. That is, the pain comes and goes, but does not stick for long.
Other symptoms to look for
- Urinating small amounts of urine
- The urge to urinate all the time
- High fever, Chills
- Foul-smelled or discolored urine
- Pain while urinating
- Nausea, Vomiting
- Urinary tract infection
- Blood in urine (brown, pink, or red urine)
In case of small stones, you will not feel any kind of discomfort, symptoms or pain as the stones get easily passed through your urinary tract when you urinate.
Why Kidney Stones are Considered Dangerous?
The worst thing about kidney stones is that they don’t always continue growing in the kidneys. Certain implications can lead the stones to pass from your kidneys into other urinary tract organs like the ureters. Ureters are delicate small tubes connecting kidney and bladder and the stone may find it difficult to pass slickly down to the bladder. If the stones are big, they can cause irritation and spasms of the ureters. You may even experience the appearance of blood in your urine. Hence, you will probably require a kidney stone surgery.
Diagnosing and Testing Kidney Stones
The doctors at Campbell will diagnose the symptoms first and then provide the best possible treatment for kidney stones. If the doctor suspects any signs of kidney stones, he/she will carry out the following diagnostic tests and procedures.
- Blood tests for electrolytes, uric acid, phosphorus, and calcium
- Urinalysis to check for white cells, blood, bacteria, and crystals
- Creatinine and Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) for assessing the kidney functioning
- Examining the passed stones for determining their types